The effects of global warming and a rapidly growing population have impacted depletion of fossil fuels and increased the greenhouse effect. In the last century, there has been a substantial increase in fuel consumption which has led to an increase in the demand of energy all over the world. Nanik Mulchandani has invented and patented an unique energy device which has the ability to generate clean power, whilst also having the ability to effectively be harnessed as a source of mechanical energy for urban and rural transportation.
Addressing common bottlenecks faced by the clean energy industry including scalability, high cost per megawatt, intermittent power supply and difficulties with maintenance; Nanik Mulchandani has taken efforts to develop a green energy device which does not depend on conventional energy sources like sun, water and wind which are existing major options for green power generation.
Nanik Tirath Mulchandani has therefore presented a device related with the apparatus and its mode of operation which can be directly embodied on a vehicle or otherwise for generating power. The object of his invention is to provide energy which may operate without using fossil fuels. His device is a simple design which reduces construction and maintenance costs while successfully meeting generation needs. Nanik Mulchandani's patented device is in fact, a powerful method of generating electricity through the expansion and contraction of a fluid.
His device comprises of cylindrical chambers, heat capsule, piston, crankshaft, gear box and electrical connector which are externally linked. The apparatus invented by Nanik Mulchandani includes a volumetric amplifier connected to a patented cylindrical container filled with liquid mercury. This amplifier is connected to a specific gear box and externally connected to an electrical generator. A heat capsule connected to the mercury mover receives heat energy from an external source which subsequently causes a change in temperature of such mercury mover.
In addition, Nanik Mulchandani's apparatus also has the capacity to display changes in temperature, which is indicated by indications on the heat supply from the heat capsule, and decreases in temperature by a cooling effect with water sprays. When heat is received by the capsule, mercury, which is capable of transforming into fluid at 25 ° Celsius, occupies a greater volume. The effective volume available within the mercury mover being fixed, results in the movement of a piston.
This resultant movement marks the completion of a semi stroke and when connected to a volumetric amplifier, causes hydraulic fluid to flow to the hydraulic cylinder. Further passage of the hydraulic fluid from the outlet / inlet port of the amplifier, results in the piston getting retracted back into said mercury mover chamber which responds to a cooling action of such arrangement. The completion of a stroke, where the piston moves away from the mercury mover chamber in response to the expansion of mercury, is followed by a return stroke wherein the said piston moves towards the mercury mover chamber.
In response to the full stroke, the hydraulic fluid from a secondary hydraulic cylinder flows back into the volumetric expansion chamber through the corresponding outlet / inlet ports of a secondary hydraulic cylinder.
This process of repeated full strokes results in a repetition of piston movements of the hydraulic cylinder and / or the volumetric amplifier. The eventual rotary movement of a crankshaft connected with a gearbox causes a step-up / step-down of the shaft speed depending on the requirements of an electrical generator.
The output of the gearbox is transferred to the flywheel connected to an electrical generator with the help of a gear arrangement which meshes the output gear of the gearbox and an external gear on the flywheel shaft. The rotation of the external gear results in the rotation of flywheel shaft and thus the flywheel. The flywheel shaft being connected with said electrical generator, results in rotation of the rotor of the electric generator and hence electrical energy is generated.
Volume of mercury is thus enhanced due to absorption of heat energy supplied through the heater. Furthermore, embedded heater is programmed to maintain the heat levels of the mercury, which is injected to the mercury mover. The heating and cooling mechanism of mercury is accordingly carried out in the mercury mover. The mercury mover maintains liquid mercury at required pressure levels, and mercury in the cylindrical chamber is prevented from leaking from the cylinder through a seal with rubber 'O' rings.
Nanik Mulchandani claims that his patented device for power generation will reduce the usage of fossil fuels, which could be saved for future generations and also, reduce the greenhouse effect.